Design and Layout

Fastlink has a lot of professional designers in the PCB industry. We have rich experience with new technology which others will not even try.

While it is rare that a printed circuit board is 100% perfectly designed on the first try, Fastlink pcb manufacturing assembly will help with minimum design testing and shorten design time, reducing the need for multiple extensive revisions. We aim to help our customers save time and get products to market faster with our rich experience. You can design for manufacturability and ensure a final, cost-effective product that works efficiently and effectively.

Introduction to PCB Design and Layout

PCB design and layout is the process of designing and creating printed circuit boards (PCBs) that are used in electronic devices. PCBs are used to provide electrical connections between various components on a board and are typically made up of multiple layers of copper traces and pads that allow for the flow of electrical signals.

In the PCB design process, the designer creates a schematic diagram that outlines the circuitry of the device. The schematic diagram is then translated into a physical layout of the PCB using PCB design software tools. The layout includes the placement of components on the board, the routing of traces between the components, and the placement of vias and holes for the electrical connections.

The PCB design process involves several considerations, including the size and shape of the PCB, the number and types of components used, the complexity of the circuit, and the desired performance characteristics. The designer must also consider factors such as power consumption, signal integrity, thermal management, and manufacturability.

The PCB layout is also influenced by the type of device being designed. For example, a high-speed digital circuit will require careful attention to signal integrity and impedance matching, while a power supply circuit will require careful consideration of thermal management.

Once the PCB design is complete, the designer will create a set of manufacturing files that contain all the information needed to produce the PCB. The manufacturing files typically include a bill of materials (BOM), a component placement file, a PCB layout file, and a set of Gerber files that define the copper traces and pads on the board.

PCB design and layout is a complex process that requires a deep understanding of electronics, circuit design, and PCB manufacturing. Skilled PCB designers use a combination of experience, tools, and best practices to create high-quality PCBs that meet the requirements of the device and the application.


Creating the schematic

Creating the schematic which refers to the design at the electrical level of the board’s purpose and function.

Understand the electrical parameters

Such as Current maximums, Voltages, Signal types, Capacitance limitations, Impedance characteristics, Shielding considerations, Type and location of circuit components and connectors, Detailed net wire listing, and schematic.

Use a schematic capture tool

Use a schematic capture tool to create your PCB layout. After you create your schematic, the mechanical engineer will lead the design and determine how it will fit in the intended device.

Design your PCB stackup

The stackup plays a role in how the mechanical engineer can design and fit the PCB into the device.

Define design rules and requirements

This step is largely dictated by standards and acceptability criteria from the IPC.

Place your components

The PCB provider will have data sheets on every component (in most cases these are connectors), which will then be placed in the mechanical layout and sent to the customer for approval.

Insert drill holes

This step is driven by the components and a connection.

Route the traces

After you’ve placed the components and drill holes, you’re ready to route the traces, which means connecting segments of the path.

Add labels and identifiers

Now is the time to add any labels, identifiers, markings, or reference designators to the layout. Reference designators are helpful in showing where specific components will go on the board.

Generate design/layout files

This is the final step in the layout process. These files contain all the information pertaining to your printed circuit board, and once they have been generated, your PCB is now ready for fabrication and manufacturing and assembly.


PCB design and layout are critical aspects of creating electronic devices. Here are some reasons why they are important:

  • Electrical Performance: The design of a PCB can significantly affect the electrical performance of a device. The layout of the components and the traces can impact the signal integrity, power consumption, and electromagnetic interference. A well-designed PCB can ensure that the device operates reliably and meets its performance specifications.
  • Size and Cost: The layout of a PCB can also impact the size and cost of a device. A compact layout can reduce the size of a device, which can be particularly important for portable devices or those with size constraints. A good layout can also reduce the number of layers needed in a PCB, which can lower the cost of manufacturing.
  • Manufacturing:The design of a PCB can affect the ease and cost of manufacturing. A well-designed PCB can be easily manufactured with minimal errors and rework. It can also reduce the time and cost of assembly, testing, and debugging.
  • Thermal Management: The layout of a PCB can also affect the thermal management of a device. Proper placement of components and traces can ensure that heat is dissipated effectively, preventing overheating and potential damage to the device.
  • Reliability: A well-designed PCB can improve the reliability of a device. A good layout can ensure that the device operates consistently and without failure over its intended lifespan.

To sum Up, PCB design and layout are crucial aspects of creating electronic devices that operate reliably, meet their performance specifications, are cost-effective, and can be manufactured with ease.


  • Complete the whole process of PCB design of a large number of PIN boards in a short time, emergency service response, multiple shifts can cover 7*24 hours of service.
  • We have a professional team and each engineer with hundreds of PCB design experience and are familiar with various production parameters.
  • Every year there are more than 10000 PCB design experiences. With extensive engineering experience who can answer your questions and ensure a smooth project from start to finish.


Troubleshooting PCB design and layout issues can be a challenging task, but with some knowledge and experience, it’s possible to identify and solve common problems. Here are some common issues encountered during PCB design and layout and some possible solutions:

  • Power Issues

The PCB may not power up or may have unstable power. This could be caused by a lack of power or ground connections, poor component placement, or incorrect power supply.


Check for proper power and ground connections, ensure proper component placement, and verify the power supply.

  • Signal Integrity Issues

The PCB may have signal integrity issues, such as noise, reflections, or crosstalk. This can be caused by poor routing, improper termination, or incorrect impedance matching.


Verify proper routing, ensure proper termination, and use tools like signal integrity analysis to identify and solve impedance mismatch issues.

  • Manufacturing Issues

The PCB may have manufacturing issues, such as shorts, opens or misaligned components. This could be caused by poor design for manufacturability or incorrect assembly.


Verify the design for manufacturability, ensure proper assembly, and use tools like design rule checks (DRCs) to identify and solve manufacturing issues.

  • Environmental Issues

The PCB may have environmental issues, such as temperature or humidity sensitivity, which could lead to failure.


Verify the PCB’s operating environment, and design the PCB to withstand the environmental conditions.

  • EMI/EMC Issues

The PCB may have electromagnetic interference (EMI) or electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) issues, which could cause interference with other devices.


Use proper shielding, grounding, and filtering techniques to minimize EMI/EMC issues.

In general, to troubleshoot PCB design and layout issues, it’s important to have a good understanding of the design principles and tools available. Additionally, it’s crucial to work with experienced engineers and consult industry standards and best practices.